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Singapore Climate

Geography of Singapore

Singapore is an island city-state in Southeast Asia. It is one of the most attractive tourist destinations in the world. Singapore is a very small nation covering an area of 721.5 square kilometres. Despite this fact, it has an extremely high population density. The island is situated between Malaysia and Indonesia. The Strait of Johor is its maritime boundary with Malaysia, while the Singapore Strait is its maritime boundary with Indonesia. The Singapore River is the country’s primary river. It is surrounded by different islands. There are also 63 islets which are deemed to be part of Singapore.

The landscape of Singapore is unique. The majority of Singapore’s land is mostly flat. This has been caused by many factors, of which erosion is the main one. Nevertheless, there are numerous hills found in the eastern part of the country, such as Timah Hill which peaks at 162 metres. There are other hills as well such as Panjang and Mandai Hills. These hills are great destinations for recreational trips and sight-seeing. Many people choose to go hiking and trekking in these areas. This area of the country generally receives less rainfall than others. Geological changes have made the shape of these hills unique: they stand out when compared to the hills found in the rest of the world.

Southern Singapore is home to the Central Business District and commercial setups. Singapore’s magnificent architecture, consisting of brilliant works of infrastructure and spectacular buildings, is on full display here. Most of the country’s primary tourist attractions are located here. Orchard Road, Singapore’s leading shopping destination, is located in this region. This road is a shopper’s dream. There are retail shops with products offered at discounted prices, fancy boutiques, luxury hotels, food stalls, stalls related to pottery and home décor, clubs, and much more. The Singapore River is also located in this area. It is one of the most attractive tourist spots in the country. The iconic river has many magnificent statues and monuments nearby; these reflects the rich culture of Singapore.

The geographical location of Singapore holds a very important position in determining its relationship with its neighbouring countries of Malaysia and Indonesia. This location also holds a significant place to understand the environment and landscape of Singapore. Its location between Malaysia and Indonesia makes it protected from all common natural disasters. It is safe from earthquakes. There are no volcanic mountains so it is also safe from volcanic eruptions. It is also well protected from typhoons, cyclones, and solar flares. The geographical position of Singapore is secure enough to prevent the country’s suffering from natural disasters.

Singapore has become one of the world’s most developed countries. After independence, it made rapid progress in improving the financial stability of the country and its citizens. The high-rise structures of Singapore are a testament to the government’s efforts and hard work. During this time, Singapore urbanized rapidly. Urbanization stripped Singapore of nearly 95% of its ancient forests. Many businesses and industries also established their setups in islets, compromising the sustainability of the environment. Hills were also destroyed to level the ground so that these setups could lay their foundation on flat ground.

Singapore was once covered with thick forest. It had a variety of many wild plants and trees which no longer exist. The preservation of natural reserves is important for environmental survival. Taking this point into view, the government has taken measures to slow urbanization, improve the country’s quality of life, and work towards the sustainability of the environment.

 

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Weather in Singapore

Singapore is very close to the equator. Equatorial countries have tropical forest climates, thunderstorms, abundant rainfall, and constant hot and humid conditions. The temperature in Singapore typically ranges from 25 to 33 degrees Celsius. April and May are the hottest months of the year while November, December, and January are the coldest. These conditions are true across Singapore. Although Singapore does not have spring, summer, autumn, or winter, it has a dry and a wet season.

 

Dry Season

In Singapore, the dry season runs from February to August. These months receives less rainfall, but thunderstorms sometimes occur. The temperature seldom exceeds 31 degrees Celsius during the dry season, but many experience physical discomfort between May and August every year due to the fires that burn in Sumatra, an island in Indonesia located to the the west of the Malay Peninsula.

Those who travel to Singapore during these months should have face masks for protection from smoke and haze if they have respiratory issues. Spending time indoors is recommended, as are light clothes, high-SPF sunscreen, and wide hats for those who prefer to be outdoors.

 

Rainy Season

The rainy season runs from October to November. These months receive more rainfalls than in other months. The temperature tends to hover around 31 degrees Celsius. Despite the heavy rainfall, the rainfall does not usually last for long. There are also periodic thunderstorms. These thunderstorms are usually strongest in the afternoon and early evening. This period also marks the start of inter-monsoon periods. Although the constant rain can be inconvenient, it does provide temporary relief from the heat.

Those who plan to travel to Singapore during the rainy season should pack an umbrella, some light loose clothing, and a zipper.

The main difference between the two seasons is the amount of rainfall. The temperature and humidity are similar in both seasons; therefore, there is no need for a complete shift of wardrobe.

 

Monsoon Season

There are two monsoon periods in Singapore. The first period is the South-West Monsoon Season which happens between the months of June and September. This period is dry, hot, and humid. Rainfall occurring in this period is of short duration. Thunderstorms are expected. In this period, Sumatra squalls are common and winds are strong.

The second period is North-East Monsoon season which happens between October and November. These months are the coldest months of the year. These months receive heavy rainfall and the wind speed is moderate. This period is also the wettest period, so the humidity still prevails.

There are slight variations in the amount of rainfall that occurs in each monsoon period. Other than this, temperature and humidity conditions are consistent throughout the year. Thus, there are no dramatic changes in the weather and climate of Singapore. Therefore, some light clothing, an umbrella, and a sweater will be enough to get one through any weather conditions in Singapore.

Furthermore, there are two periods that come in between these monsoon periods. These are known as inter-monsoon periods. The first inter-monsoon period occurs between late March and May. The second inter-monsoon period is between October and November. Both of these periods are warm and have small thunderstorms and slight rainfall.

 

Temperature

The temperature of Singapore remains the same throughout the year with few changes with respect to seasons and monsoon periods. There is no large variation of temperature between the hottest and coldest months. However, there are fluctuations observed in temperatures during day and night. In the daytime, the temperature is usually between 31-33 degrees Celsius. The temperature at night is between 23-25 degrees Celsius. May and June are the hottest months, while December and January are the coldest.

Singapore is an island state which is surrounded by the Indian Ocean and the South China Sea. Therefore, the flow of seawater has a significant role in determining the climate and weather conditions of Singapore. The winds which flow from the sea often bring down the temperature. In the evening when the sea breezes come in, the temperature often falls drastically.

 

Windy Season

The geographical position of Singapore has allowed it to receive winds from the sea. The eastern and the southern parts of Singapore are usually the windiest. On any given day, these winds often followed by thunderstorms and rainfall. The winds are stronger during monsoon periods and lighter during inter-monsoon periods.

 

Wind Speeds

Singapore sees different wind speeds in monsoon and inter-monsoon periods. A wind speed of 10 meters per second is the highest speed that is generally observed during the northeast monsoon period. The wind speed during the day is vigorous while those at night are soft breezes. The winds also become stronger when a thunderstorm is taking place.

 

FAQs

  • When is the best time to visit Singapore?

The best time to visit Singapore is during the months from December to February. This time around in Singapore is quite festive as the country celebrates Christmas and Chinese New Year.  The whole of the city is surrounded by brilliant lights and various stalls that sell food, ornaments, pottery, and decorative items. Avoid coming to Singapore during May and June as the heat and smoke are at peak during that time.

  • What month is the rainy season in Singapore?

Months like December and January are the rainiest months of the year. The temperature in these months drops significantly. December is the month with the heaviest rainfall. For those who are not worried about the rain, these months are the best time to visit Singapore.

  • Does it always rain in Singapore?

Yes, it always rains in Singapore. Rain is frequent in every month. November, December, and January have additional rainfall due to the monsoon season. High temperatures and humidity accompany these rainfalls.

Posted on May 17, 2019 at 9:38 am
Categories: About Singapore

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