Monsoons in Singapore
The Northeast Monsoon usually takes place from December to March and is generally accompanied by more frequent rain, mainly from November to January. On the contrary, the Southwest Monsoon leads to a dryer climate from May to September. Whilst the beginning and end of the two monsoon seasons are not well defined, they are separated by the shorter inter-monsoon periods of April/May and October/November and during these periods, rain showers are sudden and heavy but typically only last for a short time.
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Temperature and Seasons of Singapore
As mentioned, Singapore weather is primarily influenced by its tropical rainforest climate. This climate makes the country hot, humid, and rainy throughout the year. This also means that there will occasionally be severe thunderstorms. Singapore experiences two major weather seasons within the year which are the wet and dry seasons. The period of the year which spans from March to August is the dry season while the wet season lasts from September to February.
According to the MSS, the minimum daily temperature in Singapore may range from 23 to 25 degrees Celsius while the maximum ranges from 30 to 32 degrees Celsius. The highest temperature ever registered in Singapore was 36 degrees Celsius while the lowest was 19.4 degrees Celsius.
Rainfall Amount and Distribution in Singapore
Singapore experiences an average of 2,166 millimeters of rainfall throughout the year. In the imperial system, this equates to approximately 85.3 inches of rain. Most of the rainfall in Singapore takes place in November, December, and January. These months have a cumulative average of 270.6 millimeters or 10.7 inches of rainfall. The other months of the year have a cumulative rainfall average of 150.5 millimeters, or 5.9 inches, of rainfall per month. Therefore, this means that in Singapore, no month does not have an abundance of rainfall.
A notable feature of Singapore weather is that of occasional thunderstorms which are often accompanied by wind gusts. Such thunderstorms often occur at dawn or in the morning. They are caused by the squall line which originates from the Indonesian island of Sumatra. These thunderstorms most frequently occur during a period that lasts from June to September.
Hours of Sunshine in Singapore
Despite its proximity to the equator, Singapore does not receive as much sunshine as one might necessarily think. On average, Singapore experiences approximately 5.5 hours of sunshine every day. The months during which the country experiences the lowest amount of sunshine are November and December during which there is an average of 4.3 hours of sunshine per day. On the contrary, February is the sunniest month of the year with an average of 6.5 hours of sunshine a day. Most other months in Singapore have an average of five to six hours of sunshine per day. Nevertheless, the equatorial sun in Singapore is relatively strong enough and ensures that temperatures across the country always remain high.
Singapore weather ensures that the country can be a year-round destination for tourists from all over the world. However, the most suitable time to visit the country about the weather will depend on the preferences of the visitor. Some might prefer to visit the country during a rainier period of the year. Others might prefer hotter and drier conditions. Still, others favor the year that combines features of the two that have been mentioned. Ultimately, it comes down to the visitor’s own choice.
It can thus be concluded that there are neither any best times nor worst times for one to experience Singapore weather conditions. Everyone who visits the country has its preferences in this regard. All that is therefore needed is to identify the type of weather conditions of Singapore which are preferred and to pack accordingly.