As of late China remains the second largest economy next to the United States. However, the country is fit to take the first place spot within the next decade with India following closely behind over the course of the next three decades. As the share of global real GDP by the western nations begins to fall, India and China will continue to offer economic growth in their second tier cities.
As of late it is predicted that by 2025 India will have the higher population with an average age of 29 years, making India an ideal location for outsourcing production and manufacturing compared to counterparts Vietnam, Taiwan, and China whose average age by the same 2020 year is predicted to be 32.5, 45, and 37 respectively. By the same time, it is predicted that almost 25% of the population in China will be at least sixty five years of age. This will result in drastic wage inflation thus contributing to the spread of outsourcing to other Asian countries.
China, India and Korea are now the dominant manufacturing powers for the 20th century. They currently offer a young international population with significant potential for the creation of multiple business opportunities across of myriad of sectors and industries. India and China have a diverse pool of engineers, scientists, and researchers who will continually contribute to the newest innovation. India is currently stockpiling collective economic strength in terms of their workforce, productivity, quality, cost, and English skills. However, western companies must remain cautious in their expansion of outsourcing to India as the same items which make India appealing for production—the younger population, the growing middle class, the increased consumption and GDP projections—are the same things which present challenges for the government to maintain.
When making your contract in China you need to know that China and India are slated as the top two emerging markets according to FDI, as Malaysia, Indonesia and Thailand have together enjoyed an increase in FDI thanks to low-cost labor. Comparatively, the Indian rupee has faced significant depreciation next to the Chinese Yuan which has faced appreciation. This is in large part due to the political state and account deficit of India. However, in spite of the aforementioned, India is in a position to benefit from the decline in global energy prices and commodity prices which will ensure further depreciation of the Rupee. By the same token, the Yuan is predicted to appreciate in the long run thanks to the current account surplus. It is these two factors combined which indicate to the western company owner that they should not hesitate to take advantage by selecting alternate supplier bases in other low cost countries such as India. Thanks to wage increases, the Chinese gross margins for MNCs have affected all production bases. Within the next three years the 12th FYP of the government in China plans an increase to the minimum wage by 40%. As a result, LCCs such as Indonesia, Thailand, Vietnam, and India are becoming attractive alternatives. This wage increase will eventually require western firms to increase their innovation and turn their attention to operational excellence in an attempt to thwart the wage increase .