If there’s one thing that shareholders or investors look for every year, it’s their dividends. Dividend is a great way of communicating a company’s well-being and shareholder value, underlining the prospects and fundamentals of the company.
After registering your company, it is important to understand how the payment of dividends in Singapore is carried out and ensure it complies with the tax regulations.
What Is a Dividend?
For starters, a dividend is the distribution of the excess money obtained from a portion of the company’s earnings. To put it in layman’s terms, it is the amount that a company pays to their shareholders after earning profits based off their investments.
There are various types of dividends which include:
Dividend Landscape in Singapore
While dividends are a key consideration for investors and shareholders, it does not necessarily tell the complete story of financial success. This means that dividend payments are not mandatory for companies to pay out, even if they make high profits, and vice versa.
The reason why companies may pay dividends when they have not made sufficient profits is to maintain their established track record of making regular dividend payments. This is especially so for larger companies in Singapore. In doing so, it helps them to attract more investors and generate more funding for business expansion or operations.
For smaller businesses like startups, regular dividends are generally not expected. The profits generated are often put back into the business in areas like research and development, expansion, and other operational activities.
To help these small and medium enterprises (SMEs) and startups, tax exemption is initiated by the Singapore government, so they are in a better financial position to offer dividends to their shareholders if any. Business grants for SMEs and startups are also available for these companies.
The Link Between Dividends and Profits
Dividends are normally paid out of a company’s profit – these profits should be from the said company and not the profits of any group or entity the company is associated with. There are also restrictions on what profits may be used for the payment of dividends, depending on the company’s constitution.
Here are some points to note:
The next question is how much you should pay and how much a shareholder would receive. Each shareholder usually receives dividends according to their shares. If a shareholder wishes to change the amount to be received, the matter can be shared during the annual general meeting (AGM).
There are two primary reasons for the increase in a company’s dividend per share pay-out:
How to pay dividends in Singapore?
When it comes to the payment of dividends, there’s a standard process as detailed below. It should be noted that shareholders do not have any unconditional rights to dividends unless otherwise stated in the constitution and they are usually not allowed to compel a company to pay dividends.
Aside from final dividends, interim dividends are also allowed depending on the company’s profits. Such dividend payments are usually made before the AGM and release of its final financial statements.
Tax & Dividend Compliance in Singapore
If a dividend is paid but the company in question does not have any profits available, directors who have permitted such a payment have committed an offense and will be punished in a suitable manner.
A director who has wilfully paid or permitted such a payment is guilty of a criminal offense under section 403(2) of Singapore’s Companies Act and is liable on conviction to a fine of up to S$5,000 or a jail term of one year. The director will also be liable to the company’s creditors for the amount of debts owed to them to the extent that the dividends paid exceeded the available profit.
To be convicted of this crime, it must first be established that the director had known of circumstances which would have proven that there had been insufficient profits to properly declare dividends. However, this only applies if the director knew of such a fact at the time that the dividends were declared.
You can read more about directors’ breach of duty in this article here.
Are Dividends in Singapore Taxable?
Good news for companies – from 1 Jan 2008, Singapore resident companies can issue one-tier tax exempt dividends. This means shareholders will not be taxed on this dividend income in Singapore. However, dividends received from shares in co-operatives are taxable. Dividends are taxed in the year in which they are declared payable.
The Singapore government has always been very pro-business and considers the promotion of business activities in Singapore to be important. Thus, tax exemptions were introduced to increase the level of business activities in the country.
Capital appreciation takes place when the value of a company’s assets increases. It may happen on its own accord and does not require an investor’s intervention. It is sometimes also referred to as capital gain.
The rules about the dividend payments of a company can be found in its constitution. The board of directors may sometimes make a decision regarding the company’s constitution. Therefore, it is possible for the board of directors to change the rules if it is deemed necessary.