Paul Hype Page Logo

How To Setup A Singapore Subsidiary Company

11 min read|Last Updated: November 22, 2022|
Home>Guides / FAQ>How To Setup A Singapore Subsidiary Company
What’s in this article
Book a consultation for your business expansion today.
Contact Us Now >

When a foreign company wants to start a business overseas, the first thing comes to their mind is forming a subsidiary. Let dive in and understand what is and how to register a Singapore subsidiary.

What is a Singapore Subsidiary Company?

A Singapore subsidiary company is a private limited company where the majority shareholder is a corporate entity own by their parent or holding company normally located from overseas jurisdiction.

After the subsidiary is formed, there is a relationship between a parent company (simply, a parent) and its subsidiary (or subsidiaries) in which the parent controls its subsidiary. This is in terms of the ability to influence and direct the financial and operating policies of the subsidiary to the benefit and best interest of the parent.

Shares Ownership of a Subsidiary

To be considered a subsidiary, there must be a minimum 50% of share ownership by their foreign parent or holding company. It also means that the minimum parent share ownership is between 50% to 99% only.

The remaining 1% to 50% of the shares can be held by either an individual or corporate legal entity such as a partnership, sole proprietorship, or any other legal entity.

If the parent has 100% share ownership of their subsidiary, it is considered a wholly-owned subsidiary. The differences lie in the percentage of shares ownership, and this will affect the accounting, legal influence, licensing of the subsidiary.

For example, in Singapore, to qualify for most of Singapore government funded grants or incentives, there is a rule that 30% ownership must be a local company or an individual.

share ownership by their foreign parent or holding company

Why do foreign companies form a Subsidiary?

There are 2 reasons why setting up a subsidiary is the best route for foreign companies:

1) Separate from parent company

The parent company wants venture into a new business in a different industry and perhaps even a different branding. Forming a subsidiary will result in an independent legal and financial entity that separates them from their parent company.

For example:

A property developer bought new land to develop a new condominium. They will always form a new subsidiary for their new development. This is a form of risk management as a subsidiary is responsible for its own legal liabilities as well as its debts and taxes. It also means that lawsuits against the subsidiary cannot collect against the parent company’s assets, only those of the subsidiary.

2) Too many different and large volumes of individual shareholders under parent company

It is unpractical to form a new company using the parent company’s individuals as shareholders. In relationship to the above, the parent company may want to form or already have hundreds of subsidiaries. Henceforth, when there a change in parent shareholdings, it wouldn’t be practical to alter shares of so many subsidiaries

CONTACT US >
VISIT OUR OFFICE >

Know Your Customer (KYC) Processes for Singapore Subsidiaries

We at Paul Hype Page & Co always do our best to give realistic expectations to our future and existing clients. We also adhere to the local laws and regulations to provide the best service possible.

Before opening your subsidiary office, we will guide you through the challenges you might face.

Know Your Customer (KYC) Conducted by the Bank for opening a bank account

KYC information comprises the facts about customers, the bank needs to collate such information to assess on whether they want to accept this client for account opening.

These facts enable the bank to assess company’s risks on include money laundering and terrorist financing.

Common questions on “Know their customers’ KYC list are as followings:

  • Source of the funds that will be inject to the subsidiary;
  • What type of business industry it is operating in;
  • Who and where the type of clients the subsidiary will be engaging with;
  • What the estimated sales and expenses locally and overseas per month;
  • Where and who is the decision maker of the subsidiary, will be a local or overseas locations?
  • Do the subsidiary have local staffs and working premises.

Know Your Customer (KYC) Conducted by ACRA Corporate Service provider (CSP)

Since 2016, ACRA has implemented the rule that all Corporate Service Providers need to conduct KYC on new clients as part of the Anti Money laundering Act. Therefore, every director and shareholder of the subsidiary and Holding company will be subjected to the KYC process prior to registration of the Singapore subsidiary or company. Below infographics provide some information:

Know Your Customer

Filing annual returns of a foreign subsidiary

All locally incorporated companies are required to hold an Annual General Meeting (AGM) and file annual returns under S175, S197, and S201 of the Companies Act. At the AGM, directors are to present a true and fair view of the company’s accounts to their shareholders. 

The Companies Act does not prescribe the minimum level of qualification for the person preparing the accounts. However, it is the responsibility of the directors to appoint individuals with the required level of expertise for the preparation of such accounts. Having said that, it is important to have the right secretarial support to ensure you’ve met all regulatory requirements.  

Understand the ACRA Annual Compliance needed to be perform yearly

Requirements Descriptions Companies Act
Annual General Meeting (AGM) 1. A company is required to hold its first AGM within 18 months after its incorporation.

2. Subsequent AGMs must be held every calendar year. The interval between AGMs must not be more than 15 months.

Section 175
Audited/Unaudited Accounts The Annual Return must be filed with the Registrar within the one-month period following the AGM. Section 197
Public/Listed Company For a public company listed or quoted on a securities exchange in Singapore: Accounts presented at the AGM must be made up to a date not more than four months before the AGM.

In the case of any other company: Accounts presented at the AGM must be made up to a date not more than six months

Section 201

Singapore Tax Rates 

A company is taxed at a flat rate on its chargeable income regardless of whether it is a local or foreign company.

Tax rates, exemptions, and rebate for each YA

Year of Assessment(YA) Tax Rate Tax Exemption/Rebate
2010 onwards 17% Partial tax exemption and tax exemption scheme for new start-up companies
Companies will continue to enjoy the partial tax exemption scheme and tax exemption scheme for new start-up companies as provided in YA 2008 and YA 2009.
In addition, with effect from YA 2010, the tax exemption scheme for new start-up companies will be extended to include companies limited by guarantee, subject to the same conditions.

How to Register a Singapore Subsidiary Company?

To incorporate a Foreign Subsidiary, these are the general requirements and procedures needed:

ACRA Requirements

  • Directors: A minimum of one resident director (a Singapore Citizen, a Singapore Permanent Resident, a person who has been issued an EntrePass, Employment Pass, or Dependent Pass) is mandatory.
  • Shareholders: The shareholder can be an individual or a corporate entity. 100% local or foreign shareholding is allowed. A director and shareholder can be the same or different person.
  • Paid-up Capital: Minimum paid-up capital for registration of a Singapore company is S$1.
  • Registered Address: The address must be a physical local address. (PO Box is not allowed.)
  • Company Secretary: Companies Act requires one Company secretary who must be a natural person and an ordinarily resident of Singapore.

Documents Required For Company Subsidiary Incorporation

For each Singapore resident individual shareholder and director:

  • Copy of Singapore IC; and
  • Copy of passport if the individual is not a citizen of Singapore

For each non-resident individual shareholder and director:

  • Copy of passport; and
  • Copy of residential address proof such as a recent utility bill, residential phone bill, tax bill, or cable TV bill

For each corporate shareholder of the Foreign Corporate Company Certificate and
Special Director Resolution to resolve becoming newly incorporated company subsidiary’s shareholder

Please note the following:

  • All documents must be in English or officially translated in English;
  • All copies of documents must be certified true copies by a notary public or you must bring the originals to our office for sighting;
  • If you are overseas, you can email us the scanned copies of documents so we can proceed with preparing the necessary incorporation documents.
  • However we must receive the certified true copies (or sight the originals at our office) before we can incorporate the company.
  • Our compliance department may ask for additional information if necessary

Once your company is incorporated, you can open a corporate bank account with any of the local and international banks in Singapore.

KICKSTART YOUR COMPANY INCORPORATION WITH REGIONAL EXPERTS TODAY

Come down to our office or get in touch virtually for an incorporation assessment to establish your Singapore company today.

Contact us now >

FAQs

Can I use a different company name for my subsidiary?2020-11-12T10:46:13+08:00

Yes, you can use a different name for your subsidiary. Your subsidiary name doesn’t have to be the same as the parent company name. 

Does a subsidiary’s parent company have to be Incorporated in Singapore?2020-06-24T16:01:22+08:00

There is no requirement for the parent company of a subsidiary to have been incorporated in Singapore. Although a certificate of incorporation is required by the authorities, this certificate may be received from the authorities of the country in which the parent company had been incorporated. 

In what instances is a company determined to be a Singapore Tax Resident?2020-06-24T16:01:03+08:00

Singapore’s tax laws define companies which are Singapore tax residents to be those which are managed and controlled in Singapore. This is defined by the location in which board meetings are held. Therefore, all companies which primarily hold board meetings in Singapore are Singapore tax residents.

Is it possible for a Foreign Subsidiary to be a Sole Proprietorship?2020-06-24T16:00:39+08:00

There are no rules stating that a foreign subsidiary cannot be a sole proprietorship. It is a rare occurrence because most foreign subsidiaries are private limited companies. However, it is indeed possible for a foreign subsidiary to be a sole proprietorship. 

Share This Story, Choose Your Platform!

More Business Insights

Undecided or got questions

Got other questions?

Drop us a message on WhatsApp or connect with us through our contact form.

CONTACT US >

Join the discussions

  1. Dr. Parry Clark December 12, 2019 at 4:51 am - Reply

    We are wanting to setup a bank account in Singapore. Is the best way to incorporate there? What are charges to setup a subsidiary and the process.

    • Kumaran Tiwiyah December 12, 2019 at 5:06 pm - Reply

      Hello Parry,

      If you have already incorporated your company in Singapore, you may proceed to open a bank account there.

      For the establishment of a subsidiary in Singapore, the ACRA registration fee is S$315. We offer affordable packages which will ensure that your business is established in a suitable manner.

      For any further information on incorporation or corporate bank accounts, you may contact us; we will be able to be of assistance.

      Thank you.
      Paul